A crucial joint in the human body is the hip. Our lower bodies can basically operate thanks to the hip, one of the biggest and most active joints. The hip serves two functions: it supports the pelvis and the core, which stabilises the body. However, it also offers the strength and adaptability required to move our lower extremities.

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Our ability to move and maintain our general health depends on having strong, flexible hips. Unfortunately, as individuals age, the hip joint experiences a lot of wear and tear, which can lead to crippling pain, discomfort, and loss of mobility.

Although hip pain is a frequent complaint, there are several reasons and therapies for it. Continue reading to learn about the additional hip pain-causing diseases, both common and uncommon, as well as their respective treatments.

Why do hips hurt?

The thigh may move in many directions because of the hip's ball and socket joint. Hip pain can be brought on by the joint itself, as well as by the cartilage and ligaments that make up the joint. Any injury, infection, degenerative problem, long-term ailment, or chronic condition that affects a portion of the hip can hurt.

Hip Fracture and Traumatic Hip Pain

In the US, more than 300,000 people suffer a hip fracture annually. The weakening of their bones (osteoporosis) and a loss of balance that raises the danger of a fall puts the elderly in particular at an elevated risk of hip fractures. Hip fractures, however, can result from any type of trauma other than falls.


Hip discomfort can result from injuries such as bruises, contusions, sprains, and strains. Even though the bone is not shattered, these injuries, which are typically brought on by trauma to the hip, can be very painful. While strains result from injury to the muscles and tendons, sprains are often caused by injuries to the ligaments.

Excessive usage

Overusing the hip joint frequently results in hip discomfort. When we walk, jump, or run, the hip joint bears our weight, and the structures around the joint are designed to protect it from stress. These muscles, tendons, and ligaments may become inflamed as a result of continuous use, which may result in tendonitis, muscle or tendon strain, or a hip labral rupture.

Knee bursitis:

Hip bursitis is an inflammation of the bursae, which are small sacs on the outside and inside of the hip that contain fluid and serves to lessen friction in the joint's moving components. The bursa can become inflamed as a result of moderate trauma or overuse, which can lead to pain that gets worse with exercise.

Hip pain that is not trauma-related Arthritis:

Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are two common types of arthritis that are known to cause hip discomfort, especially in those over fifty. In addition to this, hip discomfort can also be brought on by ankylosing spondylitis and arthritis brought on by inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease).

Breast cancer:

Because they weaken the bone and increase the risk of fractures, tumors that originate in or spread to the bone can hurt the hips. Additionally, the bone becomes swollen and reddened, which makes mobility challenges. Hip discomfort can also be caused by cysts and benign tumors.

Autoimmune and Systemic Diseases:

Hip pain can result from some systemic illnesses, such as sickle cell disease or Lyme disease, which enlarge joints and produce hip discomfort. Hip discomfort can be brought on by arthritis and other autoimmune diseases like lupus, which can inflame joints. Systemic and autoimmune disorders can both be brought on by viral or bacterial infections.

Avascular Necrosis

A small area of the bone becomes dead owing to a loss of blood flow, which is known as avascular necrosis. The most common causes include sickness, damage to the region, or a side effect of a long-term drug like prednisone. The hip is the joint most commonly impacted by avascular necrosis, despite it being a little less prevalent than the other causes of hip pain.


A systemic condition called fibromyalgia results in persistent pain in the muscles and ligaments. Fibromyalgia affects over 4 million persons in the United States. It can produce discomfort and stiffness, which can lead to hip pain and sensitivity, particularly in the morning.

Pain Referred:

Referred pain occurs when pain in one area of the body is brought on by discomfort in another area. Hernias, peripheral nerves, and sciatica are a few disorders that can result in transferred pain.

What Signs and Symptoms Accompany Hip Pain?

Depending on the illness producing the pain, hip pain symptoms might vary, however, most individuals frequently find it difficult to describe symptoms other than the pain they are now experiencing. The symptoms of various illnesses are listed here, along with some of the typical ones patients experience with hip issues.

Typical Symptoms

A limp.

The hip joint is stiff.

Pain referred to (can be felt in the knee or leg).

Muscle rigidity.

Leg pain that worsens with weight bearing.

Symptoms of Particular Diseases

Fracture. Hip fractures typically result in an early start of severe pain that gets worse with activity. The joint or leg might have noticeable displacement. While there won't be any obvious displacement if the fracture is in the pelvis, it will hurt more to move and bear weight.

Abuse. Overuse injuries sometimes don't hurt right away, but instead, get worse over the next several minutes or hours. The discomfort will grow when the muscles surrounding the joint spasm or enlarge, resulting in edema, limping, restricted mobility, and locking or clicking feeling in the hip.